Types of Osteoarthritis: How to Treat According to its Type?

The causes of osteoarthritis are largely unknown, but the most common types include wear-and-tear on joints from overuse or injury, rheumatoid arthritis, and metabolic bone disease. This condition is traditionally treated with painkillers such as ibuprofen or aspirin in addition to rehabilitation exercises like tai chi. The modern medical establishment views knee injections as an effective means of treatment rather than exercise. However, there are new ways to treat this condition according to its type that have been gaining momentum across Europe and America in recent years.

The “types of osteoarthritis injury and causes” is a topic that many people are not familiar with. The article will go into detail about the different types of osteoarthritis, how to treat them, and what causes it.

Osteoarthritis[1] is a prevalent joint ailment that affects millions of people in the United States. The prevalence of obesity, as well as the aging population, is increasing the number of instances of OA. Many additional variables may contribute to the development of osteoarthritis, and they may be the fundamental reasons or causes of the disease.

What Is Osteoarthritis and How Does It Affect You?

Although osteoarthritis may affect every joint in the body, it is most often associated with the knees, hips, spine, and hands. Despite the fact that there are over 100 distinct varieties of arthritis, there are only two basic types of osteoarthritis.

To discover the best osteoarthritis therapy for you, including strategies to control it, you must first determine which form of arthritis you have. Although the symptoms of osteoarthritis may be managed, the damage to your joints cannot be undone.

Keep your weight under control, live an active lifestyle, and follow effective treatment regimens to help delay the course of OA and improve joint function and discomfort.  

What Are the Osteoarthritis Warning Signs and Who Is Affected?

Types-of-Osteoarthritis-How-to-Treat-According-to-its-Type There are numerous explanations for the onset of osteoarthritis warning symptoms and how individuals are impacted. Let’s have a look at what they are.

Osteoarthritis Comes in a Variety of Forms

There are two forms of osteoarthritis: 1643856791_14_Types-of-Osteoarthritis-How-to-Treat-According-to-its-Type

Primary Osteoarthritis & Secondary Osteoarthritis

1. Primary osteoarthritis is caused by the breakdown of cartilage, which is a rubbery substance that allows for easy joint friction.

Fingers, thumbs, spine, knees, hips, and big toes are commonly affected. When you use your joints often, especially as you grow older, the cartilage wears down and becomes uncomfortable and inflamed.

If you have a severe case of osteoarthritis, you may lose all of the cartilage between your joints’ bones, causing them to rub together and cause discomfort. Keep an eye out for these painful osteoarthritis warning symptoms!

2. Secondary osteoarthritis develops when cartilage is destroyed by illnesses or medical conditions such as diabetes. Obesity, joint injuries, abnormal joints at birth, and factors that disrupt the way your body operates are examples of these.

An unorthodox style of walking, for example, might place greater strain on your bones. Other indicators of osteoarthritis include the onset of gout[3], hormonal imbalances, and even menopause, which affects estrogen levels in the body and may lead to secondary osteoarthritis.

The Causes of Osteoarthritis in These Areas and Other Types of Osteoarthritis

1. Osteoarthritis of the hip.

Your regular activities might be substantially impacted if you have hip osteoarthritis. Limited range of motion, stiffness, and discomfort in the hip, groin, back, or legs are all symptoms of osteoarthritis in the hip.

Hip osteoarthritis may severely limit your movement and quality of life as the symptoms worsen. After the wrists and knees, the hip is the third most vulnerable body component to osteoarthritis.

2. Osteoarthritis of the foot and ankle.

The ankle and foot offer shock absorption, stability, balance, and other key functions for movement whether you walk, stand, or run.

The ankle joint is made up of three bones that allow a person to move up and down. Unfortunately, arthritis may commonly damage the joints of the midfoot, big toe, and ankle.

Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis are the three most common arthritic conditions that affect the foot and ankle.

Knee osteoarthritis is the third kind of osteoarthritis.

You will find it difficult to accomplish tasks such as climbing stairs or simply walking if you have knee osteoarthritis, which is one of the most frequent kinds of osteoarthritis. It is a major handicap for some people.

The knee is the body’s strongest and biggest joint. Articular cartilage covers the three bone ends that make up the knee joint, protecting it and functioning as a shock absorber.

Wear-and-tear arthritis is a kind of degenerative arthritis that may affect persons of all ages, even those under the age of 50. Other symptoms of osteoarthritis, such as painful bone spurs, develop when the cartilage in the knee wears away.

4. Osteoarthritis of the hands.

You’ll be able to tell whether you have hand osteoarthritis. Because of the inflammation that comes with it, you will endure stiffness and discomfort. The base of your thumb, where it joins your wrist, the joints closest to your fingertips, and the middle joints of your fingers are the places where you’ll feel it the most. Osteoarthritis may worsen if not treated properly, therefore it’s important to seek a diagnosis and therapy.

5. Osteoarthritis of the spine.

Inflammation of the facet joints or the sacroiliac joints is common in spinal osteoarthritis. The places where the tendons and ligaments join to the bones of the spine are often affected by inflammation.

The most prevalent kind of spinal arthritis is osteoarthritis of the spine. Spinal osteoarthritis may also affect the neck and back[4].

6. Osteoarthritis of the shoulder.

Osteoarthritis of the shoulder occurs when the articular cartilage wears down over time, causing stiffness and discomfort. It’s becoming more of a concern as the population ages. Osteoarthritis of the shoulder may be caused by certain jobs, such as heavy construction labor or overhead sports.

7. Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine.

The discs, bones, and joints of the neck acquire alterations in this disorder. Normal wear and tear and age cause the modifications.

The cervical spine discs progressively degrade with age, mostly affecting middle-aged and elderly adults. Osteophytes[5] are abnormal growths or spurs that may occur on the bones of the neck as a result of disc and other cartilage degeneration.

These are growths that aren’t supposed to be there. In extreme situations, surgical surgery may be required to treat osteoarthritis.

What Causes Osteoarthritis and How Can It Be Prevented?

1643856792_660_Types-of-Osteoarthritis-How-to-Treat-According-to-its-Type Osteoarthritis develops when the cartilage that allows you to move your joints without friction deteriorates. The cartilage ultimately wears down to the point that the bones scrape against each other. Osteoarthritis affects the whole joint, causing the bones to degrade and alter.

The lining of the joint becomes inflamed, and this is precisely what osteoarthritis is – joint inflammation. Aging, sickness, and stress may all cause it, and it can even be genetic. 

What Are the Symptoms of Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis manifests itself as discomfort in the afflicted joints as a result of repeated usage. Osteoarthritis may affect a variety of joints, so discomfort in the hands, hips, knees, lower back, and neck is common.

Swelling of the joints, stiffness, creaking and cracking joints, and even a loss of range of motion are all indications and symptoms of osteoarthritis. Joint deformity is also a possibility, but only in the most severe situations.

Osteoarthritis Treatment for the Different Types of Osteoarthritis

First and foremost, osteoarthritis has no treatment. It is possible to utilize a mix of non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic therapy. The following are some of the most effective therapies for osteoarthritis symptoms:


Osteoarthritis is a degenerative, painful disorder. Nobody wants it because if left untreated, it may ‘cripple’ your life. It just gets worse with time. It is uncommon for people to die as a consequence of the causes of osteoarthritis. However, it may be so severe that you should see your doctor if it is affecting your quality of life.

Many individuals with osteoarthritis, whether young and old, want to know if there is anything they can do to prevent it. Even the discomfort from this condition may affect patients to walk, stand, or move differently in certain cases.

As a result, additional joints may become misaligned, causing osteoarthritis to spread throughout the body. To prevent overusing the joints, the best recommendation is to maintain a healthy weight and stick to an exercise routine that will strengthen the muscles and support the joints. These are things that your doctor or therapist can assist you with.

There is, however, hope for reducing the causes of osteoarthritis and increasing mobility to improve your quality of life.

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Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that causes pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints. It can affect any joint in your body. There are three types of osteoarthritis: Reference: osteoarthritis signs and symptoms.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main treatment options for osteoarthritis?

A: There are a number of treatments for osteoarthritis, and the doctor will prescribe one that is suited to your specific needs. Some treatment options include pain medications, physical therapy and joint injections.

What are the different kinds of osteoarthritis?

A: Osteoarthritis, or a disease of the joints, is caused by degeneration of the articular cartilage that covers bones in and around your joints. The severity ranges from mild to severe and can be classified as primary (degenerative) or secondary which are due to other underlying causes such as inflammation, infection, structural problems like bone deformities.

What are the 4 stages of osteoarthritis?

A: The 4 stages of osteoarthritis are as follows;
1. Acute inflammation caused by trauma to the joint and surrounding soft tissue,
2. General degeneration of cartilage due to chronic friction in the joints with bone on bone contact,
3. Osteophyte formation on articular surfaces which leads to total destruction of cartilage and loss of shock absorbing function, and finally
4. Obstructed subchondral remodeling which causes a breakdown in blood supply leading to painful inflammatory arthritis into localized areas within the joint

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